The following types are inspired by the books Goddesses in Everywoman and Gods in Everyman by Jean Shinoda Bolen, and are based partly on her descriptions and partly on my own research. (Some types are pretty much the same, while others are quite different.)
(For more detail click on the links at the left.)
Artemis: independent and unconventional - tomboys and artists, e.g. Angelina Jolie, Emily Brontë.
Athena: the archetypal career woman, e.g. Hilary Clinton, Nancy Drew.
Hestia: the practical conventional woman - a common type, e.g. Agatha Christie, Mother Teresa.
Demeter: the motherly nurturer - probably the most common female type, e.g. Maria Montessori, Natalie Portman.
Hera: the status- and marriage-minded alpha female, e.g. Nancy Reagan, Barbie.
Persephone: unusually sensitive, young/old, e.g. Charlotte Brontë, Loreena McKennitt.
Aphrodite: the butterfly - likes and gets along with almost everyone, e.g. Goldie Hawn, Smurfette.
Zeus: mastery in the material world, e.g. Arnold Schwarzenegger, Andrew Carnegie.
Poseidon: mastery of emotional and philosophical realms, e.g. Freud, Shakespeare.
Hades: mastery of deeper realms, e.g. Jung, Batman.
Apollo: the straight arrow, e.g. Jimmy Carter, Superman.
Hermes: the clever trickster - probably the most common male type, e.g. Jim Carrey, James Bond.
Ares: the warrior/protector, e.g. Sylvester Stallone, Hercules.
Hephaestus: the master craftsman, e.g. Michelangelo, George Lucas.
Dionysus: androgynous and youthful, likes women, e.g. Prince, Jesus of Nazareth.