These pages are not legal documents. They are not intended to be legal documents.
The main purpose of these pages is to make the idea of going barefoot more accessible to people, especially people like me who have been forced to suffer needlessly in shoes, and who may not realize that there is another option, and also to make people more aware of the needless barriers to going barefoot, in the hopes of effecting change.
It's also a stress reliever for me, an attempt to be more proactive in dealing with these issues, an attempt to have some fun in the middle of all of it.
Some pages have had their links removed. The pages are still there, and will stay there as long as I am with my current web host.
Anyone is welcome to add to or edit this list. Entries must be about going barefoot in some way.
|*****||Daniel Howell, 2010. The Barefoot Book (edit)|
This has a good summary of the research to date, plus a chapter on anatomy (Howell is an anatomy professor) that I haven't seen elsewhere.
|*****||Christopher McDougall, 2009. Born to Run: A hidden tribe, superathletes, and the greatest race the world has never seen (edit)|
I knew this book would be good, but I didn't expect it to be funny, too. All about how humans are born to run, except we keep getting in our own way.
|Simon J. Wikler, D.S.C., 1961. Take Off Your Shoes and Walk (edit)|
An on-line excerpt from an out-of-print book . Describes the history of modern, deforming shoes, and the importance of bare feet for developing strength and agility in the feet, and the importance of being able to use your toes for balance. Wikler recognized that most adults end up wearing shoes that are bad for them, either from lack of choice or from personal fashion preferences, but he thought that at least if children could go barefoot, that would mitigate many foot problems.
|Richard Keith Frazine, 1993. The Barefoot Hiker (edit)|
Out of print. For those who are just starting out going barefoot outside, this has some good recommendations and is free online - it's what I used to get myself out the door, so to speak. There will be more books coming, as the barefoot movement spreads, but this one is a classic.
|*****||Daniel Howell, PhD (edit)|
Website of Daniel Howell, biologist, university professor, barefooter, and the author of The Barefoot Book.
|*****||Hip Forums - Barefoot (edit)|
Forum Description: Discuss the joys and travails of going barefoot.
|*****||The Barefooter's Forum (edit)|
Forum for barefooters that started up in March 2013.
|****||Steven Robbins MD (edit)|
Former barefoot runner and general medical practitioner in Montreal who has been teaming up with university researchers since the late 1980s. Concerned about how shoes contribute to a sedentary lifestyle.
|****||Biomechanics of Foot Strikes & Applications to Running Barefoot or in Minimal Footwear (edit)|
The website of Daniel Lieberman (at Harvard) and his colleagues, who are researching barefoot running and human evolution.
|The Barefoot Alliance (edit)|
A group that advocates for going barefoot in public.
|Places for Bare feet - a poll (edit)|
A poll on going barefoot in public places
|*****||the barefoot professor (edit)|
Blog of Daniel Howell, biologist, university professor, barefooter, and the author of The Barefoot Book, which outlines how going barefoot is healthier and not really any more unsafe than wearing shoes. (His book is good, too, if you want something to carry around.)
|****||Bob Neinast (edit)|
A long-term barefooter. He's been involved in several legal cases and won one.
|***||Barefoot Moe (edit)|
A barefooter in Toronto who has a blog and website.
|Blog of the Society for Barefoot Living (edit)|
No longer active, but you can always check out the archives.
|*****||You Walk Wrong|
Adam Sternbergh, April 21, 2008. New York Magazine (edit)
|*****||The Top 3 Ways Wearing Shoes Harms Our Feet - And What We Can Do About It.|
Dr. Niremberg, Sunday October 4, 2009. [www.americaspodiatrist.com] (edit)
Describes how shoes weaken foot bones and muscles and deform our feet, increasing risk for fractures, pronation, and other problems. He encourages everyone, both children and adults, to transition carefully to bare feet, wearing more flexible shoes first and strengthening their feet, then switching to bare feet when possible.
|*****||Why Shoes Make "Normal" Gait Impossible.|
William A. Rossi, D.P.M., 1999. Podiatry Management March 1999:50-61 [www.podiatrymgt.com] (edit)
Describes how natural gait is only possible when barefoot, and how shoes, as they are currently designed, distort the natural gait. Written by a podiatrist who served as a consultant to the footwear industry.
|*****||Conclusions drawn from a comparative study of the feet of barefooted and shoe-wearing peoples.|
Phil. Hoffmann, M.D., 1905. The American Journal of Orthopedic Surgery 3(2):105-136 (edit)
"If foot compression always led to immediate and severe discomfort, it would not, perhaps, be quite so common. Nevertheless, painful or painless, when long continued, it must result in irreparable damage." [page 115] Check out the pictures of lifelong barefooters picking things up with their toes.
|*****||Walkers, Bare All: The World's Healthiest Feet are the Ones Without Shoes.|
Ray McClanahan, 1999. Walk About Magazine [https://www.nwfootankle.com/] (edit)
Describes how it is healthier to walk barefoot than in shoes, but if this is not possible (as it is usually not in the US), how to find shoes that do the least harm.
|*****||Survey in China and India of Feet That Have Never Worn Shoes|
Samuel B. Shulman, Pod. D., 1949. The Journal of the National Association of Chiropodists 49:26-30 (edit)
|*****||Relationships Among Self-reported Shoe Type, Footstrike Pattern, and Injury Incidence|
Donald L. Goss, Michael T. Gross, 2012. The United States Army Medical Department Journal Oct - Dec 2012 [http://www.cs.amedd.army.mil/amedd_journal.aspx] (edit)
Compared injury rates in traditionally shod, minimalist shod and barefoot runners.
|****||A Comparison of Foot Forms Among the Non-Shoe and Shoe-Wearing Chinese Population|
Lam Sim-Fook and A. R. Hodgson, 1958. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 40:1058-1062 [www.jbjs.org] (edit)
The authors compare habitually barefoot and shod feet in Hong Kong, to investigate whether foot deformities are caused by shoes or are heredity. (Spoiler: it's shoes.)
|****||Barefoot running survey: Evidence from the field|
David Hryvniak, Jay Dicharry, Robert Wilder, 2014. Journal of Sport and Health Science 3(2):131–136 (edit)
Surveyed people who had done at least some barefoot or minimalist shoe running, found fewer injuries than when running using conventional shoes.
|Part 2. Footwear: The Primary Cause of Foot Disorders.|
William A. Rossi, D.P.M., 2001. Podiatry Management February 2001:129-13 [www.podiatrymgt.com] (edit)
|Athletic footwear and running injuries|
Joseph Froncioni, 2006. [www.quickswood.com] (edit)
Author's note: Written a number of years ago, this piece was published in part in the German ultra magazine Spiridon
|Lose your shoes: is barefoot better?|
Greg Downey, July 26, 2009. [neuroanthropology.net] (edit)
A blog post.
|Shoes, Sitting, and Lower Body Dysfunctions|
Steven Low, November 22, 2009. [www.eatmoveimprove.com] (edit)
This article will get you standing more, on bare feet of course.
|A Firm Foundation: Focusing on the Feet|
Steven Low, October 11,2012. [www.eatmoveimprove.com] (edit)
|The influence of footwear on the prevalence of flat foot: A survey of 2300 children.|
Udaya Bhaskara Rao and Benjamin Joseph, 1992. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 74:525-527 (edit)
Children who habitually wore shoes had the highest rate of flat feet, while habitually barefoot children had the lowest, with children wearing sandals or slippers were in-between. (Though if you've already read Hoffmann you'll know that being flat footed isn't necessarily a problem per se, since the arch varies from person to person.)
|Foot position awareness: the effect of footwear on instability, excessive impact, and ankle spraining.|
Steven Robbins and Edward Waked, 1997. Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 9(1):53-74 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
"The shod human is less stable, prone to ankle strains, and 'overuse injuries' resulting from chronic excessive impact during locomotion" [page 54] "Injury is uncommon when barefoot, but when wearing footwear of current design, humans become unstable, suffer from frequent ankle sprains, and injuries from escessive impact, because tactile information required for precise foot position awareness and impact control is attenuated by the shoes." [page 72]
|Shod versus unshod: the emergence of forefoot pathology in modern humans.|
Zipfel, B. and L.R. Berger, 2007. The Foot 17:205-213 (edit)
Examination of skeletal samples from four human groups in South Africa found that habitually unshod pre-pastoral Holocene people had the healthiest feet, the habitually shod modern European and Sotho had the worst feet, with the modern Zulu somewhere in between.
|The effects of habitual footwear use: foot shape and function in native barefoot walkers.|
K. D'Aout, T.C. Pataky, D. De Clercq and P. Aerts, 2009. Footwear Science 1(2):81-94 (edit)
|Running-related injury prevention through barefoot adaptations.|
Steven E. Robbins and Adel M. Hanna, 1987. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 19(2):148-156 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Running-related injury prevention through innate impact-moderating behavior.|
Steven E. Robbins. Gerard J. Gouw and Adel M. Hanna, 1989. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 21(2):130-139 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Athletic footwear and chronic overloading: a brief review.|
Steven E. Robbins and Gerard J. Gouw, 1990. Sports Medicine 9(2):76-85 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Athletic footwear: unsafe due to perceptual illusions.|
Steven E. Robbins and Gerard J. Gouw, 1991. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 23(2):217-224 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Protective sensation of the plantar aspect of the foot.|
Steven Robbins, Gerard J. Gouw, Jacqueline McClaran and Edward Waked, 1993. Foot & Ankle 14(6):347-352 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Ankle taping improves proprioception before and after exercise in young men.|
Steven Robbins, Edward Waked and Ron Rappel, 1995. British Journal of Sports Medicine 29(4):242-247 [bjsm.bmj.com and www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|The Major Health Benefits of Going Barefoot (Really!)|
SixWise.com, June 5, 2005. [SixWise.com] (edit)
|Balance and vertical impact in sports: role of shoe sole materials.|
Steven Robbins and Edward Waked, 1997. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 78:463-7 [ www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
|Factors associated with ankle injuries: preventive measures.|
Steven Robbins and Edward Waked, 1998. Sports Medicine 25(1):63-72 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
Steven Robbins, Edward Waked, and Nicholas Krouglicof, 1998. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society (JAGS) 46:1363-1370 [www.stevenrobbinsmd.com] (edit)
Michael Warburton, 2001. Sportscience 5(3) (edit)
|Football boot insoles and sensitivity to extent of ankle inversion movement.|
G Waddington and R Adams, 2003. British Journal of Sports Medicine 37:170-175 (edit)
|The effect of running shoes on lower extremity joint torques.|
D. Casey Kerrigan, Jason R. Franz, Geoffrey S. Keenan, Jay Dicharry, Ugo Della Croce, Robert P. Wilder, 2009. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM&R) 1:1058-1063 (edit)
|Biomechanical considerations on barefoot movement and barefoot shoe concepts.|
Benno Nigg, 2009. Footwear Science 1(2):73-79 (edit)
|Effect of children's shoes on gait: a systematic review and meta-analysis.|
Caleb Wegener, Adrienne E Hunt, Benedicte Vanwanseele, Joshua Burns, Richard M Smith, 2011. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 4:3 (edit)
|Footwear Alters Normal Form And Function Of The Foot|
Universiteit Antwerpen, 2009. ScienceDaily July 29, 2009 (edit)
Posture in Performance (edit)
Exercises to strengthen your feet.
|The Nature of Things: The Perfect Runner|
A recent (March 2012) television episode which talks about how humans evolved to run long distances. Discusses how the best runners in the world grow up barefoot, and how shoes can mess up foot biomechanics. [available in Canada only]